How Many Types of Coffee Are Produced in Mexico?

Mexico is a country with a rich variety of coffee types, each offering its own unique flavors and characteristics. From the fruity profiles to the positive social and environmental impact, Mexican coffee is a true treasure. Let’s explore the different types of coffee, popular varieties, and unique blends that Mexico has to offer.

Key Takeaways:

  • Mexico is known for its diverse range of coffee types produced across different regions.
  • The country is a major exporter of organic-certified coffee, accounting for up to 8% of global production.
  • Mexican coffee cultivation is concentrated in the southern regions, with Chiapas, Veracruz, and Oaxaca being the main coffee-producing states.
  • Arabica coffee is the predominant variety in Mexico, known for its lighter body and mild flavors.
  • Mexican coffee production faces challenges such as low coffee prices and the impact of coffee rust disease, but initiatives are in place to address these issues and improve sustainability.

Coffee Production in Mexico: A Brief History

Coffee production in Mexico has a rich and colorful history that dates back to the late 1700s. The introduction of coffee to Mexico was facilitated by European landowners who utilized indigenous Mexican laborers for cultivation. Over the years, the industry has undergone significant changes and faced various challenges.

During the early 20th century, agrarian land reform had a transformative impact on coffee production in Mexico. The industry experienced a boom in the 1980s, with coffee accounting for 35% of the country’s total agricultural output. However, global factors such as the collapse of the International Coffee Agreement and the outbreak of coffee rust disease in the early 2010s impacted production significantly.

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To combat these challenges, the Mexican government and various organizations have implemented initiatives aimed at supporting coffee farmers. Investments have been made in disease-resistant seeds, technical assistance, and efforts to increase productivity. These initiatives are crucial for the future of Mexican coffee production and the livelihoods of small coffee producers.

coffee production in Mexico

The Rise and Fall of Mexican Coffee Production

Mexico’s coffee production has experienced both highs and lows throughout history. The industry has faced challenges, including the coffee price crisis and the impact of coffee rust disease. However, with the introduction of sustainable farming practices and government interventions, there is hope for the future of coffee production in Mexico.

Year Event
Late 1700s Introduction of coffee to Mexico by European landowners
Early 20th century Agrarian land reform brings significant changes to the industry
1980s Coffee accounts for 35% of Mexico’s total agricultural output
Early 2010s Collapse of the International Coffee Agreement and outbreak of coffee rust disease impact production

The government’s SUBICAFE program and investments in disease-resistant seeds and technical assistance are expected to revive and strengthen Mexican coffee production. With these initiatives, the country aims to increase yields, improve sustainability, and secure the future of its coffee industry.

The Different Coffee Regions in Mexico

Mexico, with its diverse geography and climate, is known for its distinct coffee-growing regions. Each region has its own unique characteristics that contribute to the flavor profiles of the coffee produced there. The three main coffee-growing states in Mexico are Chiapas, Veracruz, and Oaxaca.


Located on the southern border with Guatemala, Chiapas is the largest coffee producer in Mexico. The region’s coffee is known for its chocolatey and nutty flavors, with hints of citrus. The coffee beans are grown at high altitudes, contributing to their exceptional quality.


Situated along the Gulf of Mexico, Veracruz produces coffee with unique flavor notes. The region’s coffees are known for their light red fruit and blueberry flavors. Veracruz’s coffee farms benefit from the region’s tropical climate and fertile volcanic soil.


Located between Veracruz and Chiapas, Oaxaca is another important coffee-growing region in Mexico. Oaxacan coffees are characterized by their sweet and smooth profiles, often with caramel overtones and fruity notes. The region’s coffee farms utilize traditional cultivation techniques, resulting in high-quality beans.

These coffee regions in Mexico showcase the country’s rich coffee heritage and the diverse flavor profiles that arise from different climates, altitudes, and cultivation techniques. From the chocolatey notes of Chiapas to the fruity sweetness of Oaxaca, each region offers a unique coffee experience.

Coffee regions in Mexico

Varieties of Mexican Coffee

Mexico is known for its diverse range of coffee varieties, offering a flavorful experience for coffee enthusiasts. The majority of coffee produced in Mexico is of the Arabica variety, known for its lighter body and mild flavors. Arabica coffee makes up the bulk of the country’s production, with only a small percentage being Robusta.

Mexican Arabica coffee is highly regarded for its quality and distinctive taste. It is often shade-grown, meaning it is cultivated under the canopy of taller trees, providing a natural and balanced environment for the coffee plants. This method of cultivation results in a slower maturation process and imparts unique flavors to the beans.

Indigenous farmers in Mexico play a significant role in coffee production, using traditional cultivation methods that have been passed down through generations. These methods, combined with the favorable growing conditions in Mexico’s coffee regions, contribute to the exceptional quality and flavor profiles of Mexican coffee.

Varieties of Mexican Coffee

Variety Flavor Profile
Chiapas Chocolatey and nutty flavors with citrus notes
Veracruz Light red fruits and blueberries
Oaxaca Sweet with caramel overtones and fruity hints

The different regions in Mexico produce distinct varieties of coffee, each with its own flavor profile. Chiapas, located on the border with Guatemala, offers coffee with chocolatey and nutty flavors, complemented by citrus notes. Veracruz, along the Gulf of Mexico, produces coffees with hints of light red fruits and blueberries. Oaxaca, situated between Veracruz and Chiapas, produces sweet coffees with caramel overtones and fruity hints. These varieties provide coffee enthusiasts with a range of flavors to explore and enjoy.

In conclusion, the varieties of Mexican coffee, particularly the Arabica variety, offer a diverse and flavorful experience. The shade-grown cultivation methods and the expertise of indigenous farmers contribute to the unique flavor profiles of Mexican coffee. Whether you’re seeking chocolatey and nutty notes, fruity flavors, or sweet caramel undertones, Mexican coffee has something to satisfy every palate.

Mexican coffee varieties

Organic Coffee Production in Mexico

Mexico is a significant producer of organic-certified coffee, with a strong commitment to sustainable farming practices. The country’s coffee industry places a high value on social and environmental responsibility, promoting organic cultivation methods that benefit both farmers and the environment.

Approximately 7-8% of coffee growers in Mexico cultivate organic coffee, with a focus on reducing the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. This approach not only ensures the production of high-quality coffee but also minimizes the impact on the surrounding ecosystems. By prioritizing organic practices, Mexican coffee farmers contribute to the preservation of biodiversity and the protection of water sources, helping to maintain the long-term sustainability of their operations.

To support and promote organic coffee production, the Mexican government collaborates with various organizations to provide technical assistance and guidance. Certification programs such as Fair Trade and Rainforest Alliance play a crucial role in ensuring the integrity and authenticity of organic coffee in the market. These certifications reassure consumers that the coffee they purchase meets strict organic standards and has been produced in an environmentally and socially responsible manner.

The Benefits of Organic Coffee

  • Environmental conservation: Organic coffee farming practices help preserve biodiversity, protect natural habitats, and reduce pollution.
  • Social responsibility: Organic coffee production supports the well-being of farmers and their communities, promoting fair labor practices and improving livelihoods.
  • Healthier choice: Organic coffee is free from synthetic chemicals, providing a natural and healthier option for coffee lovers.
  • Unique flavors: The cultivation of organic coffee often leads to enhanced flavors, as the beans have a chance to develop their full potential without the interference of artificial inputs.

organic coffee

Benefits of Organic Coffee Percentage of Organic Coffee Growers in Mexico
Environmental conservation 7-8%
Social responsibility
Healthier choice
Unique flavors

By choosing organic coffee, consumers not only contribute to the sustainability of the coffee industry but also have the opportunity to savor the unique flavors and aromas that come from environmentally friendly and socially responsible practices. Mexican organic coffee stands as a symbol of the country’s commitment to quality, sustainability, and the well-being of both people and the planet.

Challenges and Initiatives in Mexican Coffee Production

Mexican coffee production faces several challenges that have had a significant impact on the industry. One of the main challenges is the coffee price crisis, which has caused financial strain for many coffee producers. Low coffee prices have made it difficult for farmers to cover their production costs and invest in sustainable farming practices. This crisis has led to a decline in production and the abandonment of coffee farms in some regions.

Another major challenge is coffee rust disease, also known as “la roya.” This fungal disease has devastated coffee plantations across Mexico, causing significant yield losses and affecting the livelihoods of coffee farmers. The spread of coffee rust disease has been amplified by climate change and environmental factors, making it a pressing issue that the industry must address.

In response to these challenges, there are various initiatives in place to support Mexican coffee production and promote sustainability. The government and organizations have implemented programs to develop disease-resistant coffee varieties that can withstand coffee rust disease. Technical assistance is provided to farmers to improve their farming practices and increase productivity. Additionally, there are sustainability initiatives, such as certifications like Fair Trade and Rainforest Alliance, which promote environmentally friendly and socially responsible coffee production.

sustainability initiatives

These initiatives aim to mitigate the negative impacts of the coffee price crisis and coffee rust disease, ensuring the long-term sustainability of Mexican coffee production. By supporting farmers with disease-resistant varieties, technical assistance, and sustainable farming practices, the industry can recover and thrive. It is crucial to address these challenges and invest in the future of Mexican coffee, as it plays a vital role in both the global coffee market and the livelihoods of coffee farmers.

Coffee Production Outlook in Mexico

Looking ahead, the future of coffee production in Mexico appears positive, with various initiatives and investments in place to support the industry’s recovery and growth. One significant program is the SUBICAFE program, initiated by the government, which aims to increase coffee production and improve the welfare of small coffee producers. The program includes investments in disease-resistant seeds, technical assistance, and initiatives to enhance productivity.

The government expects coffee production in Mexico to return to past levels by MY 2019/20, with increased yields and the recovery of planted areas. This forecast is based on the implementation of measures to combat challenges faced by the industry, such as low coffee prices and the impact of coffee rust disease. By investing in disease-resistant seeds and providing technical assistance to farmers, Mexico is taking steps to mitigate the effects of the disease and increase productivity.

Increased productivity for a brighter future

One of the key goals for the future of Mexican coffee production is to increase productivity. By adopting modern farming techniques and investing in infrastructure, the industry aims to enhance efficiency and yield. This not only ensures a stable supply of coffee but also contributes to the economic growth of the country and the livelihoods of small coffee farmers.

With an optimistic outlook and the commitment to sustainable practices, Mexico is poised to remain an important player in the global coffee industry. The country’s diverse coffee regions and unique flavor profiles continue to attract coffee lovers worldwide. As efforts to address challenges and increase productivity bear fruit, Mexico’s coffee production is expected to thrive and contribute to the country’s rich coffee heritage.

coffee production forecast

Year Projected Coffee Production (in metric tons)
2018/2019 3,750,000
2019/2020 4,000,000
2020/2021 4,250,000

The Unique Flavors of Mexican Coffee

Mexican coffees are renowned for their distinct and enticing flavor profiles. Each region in Mexico offers a unique taste experience, resulting from the combination of various factors, including the local climate, altitude, and cultivation techniques. When it comes to Mexican coffee, there is a wide range of flavor notes to explore, making it a delight for coffee enthusiasts and connoisseurs alike.

Chiapas-grown coffee, for example, boasts a delightful blend of chocolate, nut, and citrus notes. The coffee from this region is known for its medium body and bright acidity, creating a well-balanced brew. On the other hand, Veracruz coffees exhibit flavors of light red fruits and blueberries, providing a sweeter and fruitier taste profile. The Oaxacan coffee, located between Chiapas and Veracruz, is often characterized by its caramel overtones, sweetness, and fruity hints, resulting in a truly captivating cup of coffee.

These unique flavor profiles of Mexican coffee have garnered international acclaim. In coffee cupping competitions, Mexican coffees have consistently achieved high scores, with some even surpassing the 90-point threshold. This further attests to the exceptional quality and flavor complexity that Mexican coffee offers to coffee lovers around the world.

Mexican coffee cupping

The Art of Coffee Cupping

Coffee cupping is a sensory evaluation technique used by professionals to assess the flavors, aromas, and overall quality of coffee. It involves slurping small spoonfuls of coffee to ensure the flavors are spread across the palate, allowing for a more comprehensive taste analysis. Cupping sessions often involve evaluating multiple coffees side by side to compare and contrast their respective flavor profiles.

During a coffee cupping session, tasters analyze various characteristics, including acidity, body, sweetness, aroma, and aftertaste. This meticulous evaluation process helps coffee professionals identify the unique flavors and attributes of different coffee origins, including Mexican coffee. By engaging in coffee cupping, one can truly appreciate the rich and diverse flavors that Mexican coffee has to offer.

Next time you enjoy a cup of Mexican coffee, take a moment to savor the distinct flavors that capture the essence of the region. Experience the chocolate, nut, and citrus in Chiapas, the light red fruits and blueberries in Veracruz, and the caramel sweetness in Oaxaca. Dive into the world of Mexican coffee and discover a whole new level of coffee appreciation.

The Social and Environmental Impact of Mexican Coffee Production

Mexican coffee production not only delivers flavorful and diverse coffee varieties but also makes a positive impact on both society and the environment. With a commitment to sustainable farming practices, Mexican coffee farmers prioritize social responsibility and environmental conservation.

In terms of social impact, the coffee industry in Mexico plays a crucial role in supporting smallholder producers, including indigenous farmers. Through collaboration with the government and organizations like the National Institute of the Indigenous Peoples, efforts are made to empower these vulnerable groups and ensure their livelihoods are sustainable. By investing in technical assistance and providing fair trade certifications, the industry promotes a more equitable distribution of wealth and opportunities.

On the environmental front, Mexican coffee production emphasizes sustainable farming practices. The industry promotes shade-grown coffee, which not only helps preserve ecosystems but also allows farms to better withstand future environmental shocks and diseases. By cultivating coffee in harmony with the natural environment, farmers contribute to the conservation of biodiversity and the protection of natural resources.

The Social and Environmental Impact at a Glance

Aspect Impact
Sustainable Farming Practices Preservation of ecosystems and natural resources
Social Responsibility Empowerment of smallholder producers, including indigenous farmers
Environmental Conservation Contribution to biodiversity conservation and environmental protection

The social and environmental impact of Mexican coffee production extends far beyond the delicious cup of coffee you enjoy. By supporting sustainable farming practices and promoting social responsibility, this industry contributes to a brighter future for both communities and the planet.


In conclusion, Mexico is a country that offers a wide range of coffee types, each with its own unique characteristics and flavors. From the rich and chocolatey coffees of Chiapas to the sweet and fruity coffees of Oaxaca, there is something for every coffee lover in Mexico.

The coffee production industry in Mexico has a rich history and a positive social and environmental impact. Despite facing challenges such as low coffee prices and the impact of coffee rust disease, the industry is bouncing back with the help of government initiatives and investments in disease-resistant seeds and technical assistance.

Mexico’s commitment to sustainable farming practices and organic certification has also made it a prominent player in the global coffee industry. With its diverse coffee-growing regions and focus on shade-grown coffee, Mexico is not only producing delicious beans but also contributing to environmental conservation efforts.

Overall, Mexican coffee is a testament to the country’s coffee-producing heritage and its dedication to quality and sustainability. So, the next time you enjoy a cup of coffee, remember the hard work and passion that goes into every sip.


How many types of coffee are produced in Mexico?

Mexico is home to a rich variety of coffee types produced across different regions. The country is known for its diverse coffee-growing regions, each with its own distinctive character.

What is the history of coffee production in Mexico?

Coffee was first introduced to Mexico in the late 1700s with farms owned by Europeans and indigenous Mexican laborers. The industry went through significant changes with agrarian land reform in the early 20th century.

What are the different coffee regions in Mexico?

The three main coffee-producing states in Mexico are Chiapas, Veracruz, and Oaxaca. Each region has its own cultivation techniques and varieties.

What are the varieties of Mexican coffee?

The majority of coffee produced in Mexico is Arabica, known for its lighter body and mild flavors. Robusta coffee makes up only a small percentage of the country’s crops.

Is Mexican coffee organic?

Mexico is one of the largest exporters of organic-certified coffee, accounting for up to 8% of global production. Efforts are made to promote sustainable and environmentally friendly practices in coffee cultivation.

What are the challenges and initiatives in Mexican coffee production?

Mexican coffee production faces challenges such as low coffee prices and the impact of coffee rust disease. Initiatives are in place to address these challenges, including the development of disease-resistant seeds and technical assistance.

What is the outlook for coffee production in Mexico?

Despite the challenges, there are positive outlooks for the future of Mexican coffee production. Investments in disease-resistant seeds and initiatives to increase productivity are expected to lead to a rebound in coffee production.

What are the unique flavors of Mexican coffee?

Mexican coffees are known for their unique flavor profiles. Each region offers distinct flavor notes, ranging from chocolate and nut to sweet and fruity.

What is the social and environmental impact of Mexican coffee production?

Mexican coffee production has a positive social and environmental impact. Many smallholder producers, including indigenous farmers, are involved in the industry. Efforts are made to support and empower these vulnerable groups while promoting sustainable farming practices.

What is the conclusion about Mexican coffee production?

Mexico offers a wide variety of coffee types with unique characteristics and flavors. Despite challenges, the industry has a rich heritage and a positive social and environmental impact. Mexico remains an important player in the global coffee industry.

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Emily Reynolds

I am an unapologetic coffee aficionado with an insatiable passion for all things java. Pour-overs, French presses, espresso machines—each holds its own thrill, a chance to unlock new levels of taste and aroma. So let the aroma of freshly brewed coffee guide us through the world of flavor and inspiration that is coffee.

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