How Many Types of Coffee Are Popular in the Philippines?

Greetings, coffee lovers! Today, I want to take you on a flavorful journey to the beautiful Philippines and explore the diverse world of its popular coffee types. From the rich and aromatic Arabica to the bold and robust Robusta, the Philippines offers a delightful array of coffee varieties that are cherished by locals and sought after by coffee enthusiasts around the globe. So, grab your favorite mug and join me as we discover the best coffee types that the Philippines has to offer!

Key Takeaways:

  • The Philippines is known for producing four commercially-viable types of coffee: Arabica, Liberica, Excelsa, and Robusta.
  • Arabica is the most commonly produced coffee in the Philippines, followed by Robusta.
  • Liberica and Excelsa are also grown but in smaller quantities.
  • The history of coffee in the Philippines dates back to the 1700s, and the industry has experienced ups and downs over the years.
  • The Philippines produces 30,000 metric tons of coffee per year.

Arabica Coffee of Cordillera

When it comes to Arabica coffee, one cannot ignore the Cordillera region of the Philippines. This picturesque region, with its high altitude and abundant rainfall, provides the perfect conditions for growing Arabica beans. The Cordillera region is home to numerous coffee plantations, where the rich soil and cool climate contribute to the exceptional quality of the coffee produced.

Arabica coffee, also known as “Kapeng Tagalog,” is renowned for its bittersweet taste and distinctive aroma. The flavor profile of Arabica coffee can vary, ranging from fruity and floral to nutty and chocolaty. This versatility makes it a favorite among coffee enthusiasts who appreciate the complexity and depth of flavors.

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Exploring the coffee plantations in the Cordillera region is an adventure in itself. From Benguet to Sagada, Ifugao to Batangas, Laguna to Cavite, there are various destinations where coffee lovers can witness the cultivation and processing of Arabica coffee. Whether you’re savoring a steaming cup of Arabica coffee or exploring the scenic landscapes of the Cordillera region, a journey through the world of Kapeng Tagalog is an experience not to be missed.

Arabica coffee of Cordillera

Arabica Coffee of Cordillera

The Cordillera region in the Philippines is a haven for Arabica coffee. With its high altitude and abundant rainfall, this region offers the perfect climate for growing Arabica beans. The Cordillera region is home to numerous coffee plantations, where the rich soil and cool climate contribute to the exceptional quality of the coffee produced.

Arabica coffee, also known as “Kapeng Tagalog,” is renowned for its bittersweet taste and distinctive aroma. The flavor profile of Arabica coffee can vary, ranging from fruity and floral to nutty and chocolaty. This versatility makes it a favorite among coffee enthusiasts who appreciate the complexity and depth of flavors.

Exploring the coffee plantations in the Cordillera region is an adventure in itself. From Benguet to Sagada, Ifugao to Batangas, Laguna to Cavite, there are various destinations where coffee lovers can witness the cultivation and processing of Arabica coffee. Whether you’re savoring a steaming cup of Arabica coffee or exploring the scenic landscapes of the Cordillera region, a journey through the world of Kapeng Tagalog is an experience not to be missed.

Kapeng Barako of Batangas

Batangas province is renowned for its signature coffee known as Kapeng Barako. This unique coffee variety is made from Liberica beans and is famous for its strong flavor and rich aroma. The term “Barako” means strong or tough in the local language, which perfectly describes the robust taste of this coffee.

The history of Kapeng Barako dates back to the 1800s when the first Barako tree was brought from Brazil and planted in Lipa City, Batangas. Since then, Batangas has become synonymous with this bold coffee. Due to its limited production and distinctive flavor, Kapeng Barako is considered a rare and sought-after coffee variety.

An indulgence in Kapeng Barako is a must for coffee enthusiasts visiting Batangas. Its powerful taste and unmistakable aroma provide a unique and unforgettable coffee experience. Whether enjoyed black or with a touch of milk and sugar, Kapeng Barako offers a bold and satisfying cup of coffee that truly represents the rich coffee culture of the Philippines.

 

Table: Comparison of Coffee Varieties in the Philippines

Coffee Variety Flavor Profile Production Quantity
Arabica Fruity, bittersweet Second most produced
Kapeng Barako (Liberica) Strong, sharp Considered rare due to limited production
Robusta Sharp, distinctive Most prevalent in the Philippines
Excelsa Unique, sweet like jackfruit 7% of total production

Table: Comparison of coffee varieties in terms of flavor profile and production quantity.

Robusta Coffee of Southern Tagalog

In the Southern Tagalog region of the Philippines, Robusta coffee takes center stage in the local coffee industry. Known for its distinct flavor and aroma, Robusta accounts for a whopping 85% of the country’s coffee production. This variety of coffee is easier to cultivate compared to Arabica and thrives in lowland areas.

Robusta coffee is widely used in the production of instant coffee, thanks to its sharper flavor and bold taste. It is favored by many who seek a stronger and more robust coffee experience. Regions such as Bulacan, Mindoro, and Cavite in Southern Tagalog are known for producing high-quality Robusta beans.

Flavor Profile

The flavor of Robusta coffee is characterized by its richness and intensity. It often exhibits a slightly bitter taste with hints of chocolate and nutty undertones. The aroma is distinct and captivating, making it a favorite among coffee enthusiasts who appreciate bold flavors.

Robusta Coffee of Southern Tagalog Flavor Profile
Region Southern Tagalog
Main Variety Robusta
Production Percentage 85%
Aroma Distinct and captivating
Flavor Slightly bitter with chocolate and nutty undertones

Robusta Coffee of Southern Tagalog

Whether enjoyed as a cup of freshly brewed coffee or as the foundation of your favorite instant coffee brand, Robusta coffee from Southern Tagalog delivers a robust and satisfying coffee experience. Its prominence in the Philippine coffee industry is a testament to its quality and popularity among coffee lovers both locally and internationally.

Excelsa Coffee of Quezon and Batangas

Excelsa coffee, also known as “Barako Sagada,” is a unique and flavorful type of coffee produced in the Philippines. It accounts for over 7% of the country’s coffee production and is particularly grown in Quezon, Bicol, and Sorsogon. Excelsa coffee is highly regarded for its distinct taste, often compared to the sweetness of jackfruit, and its enticing aroma.

Excelsa coffee is resistant to dryness and other coffee diseases, making it relatively easy to grow in the Philippines’ tropical climate. Coffee farms can be found in the lush provinces of Quezon and Bicol, where the rich soil and favorable geographical conditions contribute to the coffee’s exceptional quality.

With its unique flavor profile and the ability to grow in various regions, Excelsa coffee has become a beloved choice for coffee enthusiasts both locally and internationally. Its popularity continues to grow, and it has become an integral part of the vibrant coffee culture in the Philippines.

Key Features of Excelsa Coffee Growing Regions Flavor Notes
Distinct taste Quezon, Bicol, Sorsogon Sweetness of jackfruit
Resistant to dryness and diseases Enticing aroma

Whether enjoyed as a single-origin brew or blended with other coffee varieties, Excelsa coffee offers a unique and memorable coffee experience. Its complex flavors and inviting aroma make it a favorite among coffee enthusiasts seeking something beyond the ordinary. If you have the opportunity, be sure to savor a cup of Excelsa coffee during your visit to Quezon, Bicol, or Sorsogon and immerse yourself in the rich coffee heritage of the Philippines.

Civet Coffee of Davao and Cavite

Civet coffee, also known as “Kapeng Alamid” or “Kapeng Musang,” is a unique type of coffee sourced from the droppings of the Philippine Civet cat. The coffee berries are consumed by the civet cat, and the beans are excreted, resulting in a distinctive flavor. Civet coffee is characterized by a dark chocolate aroma. It can be found in Davao where the famous Mt. Apo Civet Coffee is produced, as well as in Amadeo, Cavite where Café Amadeo is known for its Civet coffee. Southern Luzon also produces this coffee under the name Kapeng Alamid or Kapeng Musang.

The Philippine Civet cat plays an essential role in the production of this unique coffee. The cat’s digestive enzymes interact with the coffee beans, altering their structure and imparting a one-of-a-kind flavor profile. The coffee cherries are carefully collected from the cat’s feces, thoroughly washed, and undergo a meticulous process of roasting and grinding.

Civet Coffee

The Unique Flavor of Civet Coffee

Civet coffee offers coffee enthusiasts a taste experience like no other. The fermentation process that occurs during digestion enhances the flavor, resulting in a coffee that is rich, smooth, and full-bodied. It has often been described as having hints of caramel, chocolate, and even a touch of earthiness. The distinct aroma and complexity of flavors make civet coffee a highly sought-after and prized beverage among coffee connoisseurs.

Region Notable Civet Coffee Brands
Davao Mt. Apo Civet Coffee
Cavite Café Amadeo
Southern Luzon Kapeng Alamid or Kapeng Musang

While the production of civet coffee is relatively small due to the limited availability of civet cats, it remains a symbol of Filipino coffee excellence. The meticulous process and unique flavor of civet coffee make it a luxurious and indulgent choice for coffee enthusiasts who appreciate the finest quality beans and a truly exceptional coffee experience.

The History of Coffee in the Philippines

The history of coffee in the Philippines is a fascinating journey that spans centuries. It all began in the 1700s when a Spanish Franciscan monk planted the first coffee tree in Lipa City, Batangas. From there, coffee plantations flourished under Spanish colonial rule, and the Philippines became the sole source of coffee beans worldwide at one point.

However, the coffee industry faced numerous challenges over the years. Coffee rust and insect infestation led to a decline in production, causing the Philippines to lose its dominance in the global coffee market. Despite these setbacks, the coffee industry saw a revival in the 1960s with the introduction of a more resistant coffee variety.

Today, the Philippines has over 276,000 coffee farms, with small farmers playing a crucial role in coffee production. These dedicated individuals cultivate over 79.4 million coffee trees spread across the country, contributing to the diverse coffee varieties produced, such as Arabica, Robusta, Liberica, and Excelsa. The coffee industry continues to thrive, driven by the passion and efforts of these farmers and organizations like the Philippine Coffee Board Inc.

Philippines Coffee Production

Coffee production in the Philippines is significant, with a variety of coffee beans being cultivated across different regions of the country. In 2019, the Philippines produced 68% Robusta, 23% Arabica, and smaller quantities of Excelsa and Liberica. The major coffee-producing regions are concentrated in Mindanao, particularly in Davao Region, Central Mindanao, and the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.

The country’s coffee market extends beyond domestic consumption, with exports to different countries. The rich flavors and unique characteristics of Philippine coffee have gained recognition and appreciation globally, making it an exciting destination for coffee lovers and connoisseurs.

Coffee Variety Percentage of Production
Robusta 68%
Arabica 23%
Excelsa Less than 7%
Liberica Less than 2%

As shown in the table above, Robusta coffee accounts for the majority of coffee production in the Philippines, followed by Arabica. Excelsa and Liberica make up smaller proportions but still contribute to the diverse coffee landscape of the country.

coffee plantation

The history of coffee in the Philippines is a testament to the resilience and passion of coffee farmers and the enduring love for coffee in the country. From its humble beginnings to its significant presence in the global coffee industry, Philippine coffee continues to captivate taste buds and stimulate conversations about the rich diversity of flavors found in a single cup.

Coffee Production in the Philippines

The Philippines is a major player in the global coffee industry, boasting a diverse range of coffee varieties and a thriving coffee market. With a total production of 68% Robusta, 23% Arabica, and smaller quantities of Excelsa and Liberica in 2019, the country is known for its rich coffee heritage. Coffee farms can be found throughout the Philippines, with significant coffee-producing regions located in Mindanao, particularly in Davao Region, Central Mindanao, and the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.

Small farmers are the driving force behind coffee production in the Philippines, contributing to approximately 79.4 million coffee trees spread across the country. These dedicated farmers play a crucial role in maintaining the quality and sustainability of Philippine coffee. The coffee market in the Philippines encompasses both domestic consumption and international export, with Philippine coffee being recognized and enjoyed by coffee enthusiasts worldwide.

Key Highlights of Coffee Production in the Philippines:

  • The Philippines produces 68% Robusta, 23% Arabica, and smaller quantities of Excelsa and Liberica coffee varieties.
  • Coffee farms are distributed throughout the country, with major coffee-producing regions in Mindanao.
  • Small farmers play a significant role in coffee production, with approximately 79.4 million coffee trees.
  • The Philippine coffee market includes both domestic consumption and international export.

The vibrant coffee industry in the Philippines continues to grow, driven by the dedication and passion of small farmers and the increasing appreciation for quality coffee. As the country’s coffee culture thrives, so does the demand for Philippine coffee varieties, offering coffee enthusiasts a taste of the unique flavors and characteristics that make Philippine coffee truly special.

Coffee Variety Percentage of Total Production
Robusta 68%
Arabica 23%
Excelsa 4%
Liberica 3%

Coffee Farm

Conclusion

In conclusion, Philippine coffee offers a diverse range of coffee types, each with its own unique flavors and characteristics. From the bittersweet Arabica to the strong and sharp Kapeng Barako, and the distinct sweetness of Excelsa coffee, there is something to suit every coffee lover’s taste. Not to mention the exotic Civet coffee, sourced from the droppings of the Philippine Civet cat, which adds an intriguing twist to the Philippine coffee scene.

The coffee industry in the Philippines has had its challenges over the years, but it continues to thrive thanks to the dedication and hard work of small farmers and organizations like the Philippine Coffee Board Inc. With over 276,000 coffee farms spread across the country and approximately 79.4 million coffee trees, the Philippines is a significant player in the coffee market.

Moreover, coffee culture in the Philippines has grown rapidly, with an increasing appreciation for quality coffee and the unique experiences it offers. Whether enjoying a cup of coffee at a local café or exploring the coffee plantations in regions like Cordillera, Batangas, or Davao, the Philippines has become an exciting destination for coffee enthusiasts.

FAQ

How many types of coffee are popular in the Philippines?

The Philippines is known for producing four commercially-viable types of coffee: Arabica, Liberica, Excelsa, and Robusta.

Where is Arabica coffee grown in the Philippines?

Arabica coffee, also known as “Kapeng Tagalog,” is grown in the Cordillera region of the Philippines, particularly in Benguet, Sagada, Ifugao, Batangas, Laguna, and Cavite.

What is the most popular type of coffee in the Philippines?

Arabica coffee is the most commonly produced coffee in the Philippines, followed by Robusta.

Where is Kapeng Barako, or Liberica coffee, popular?

Kapeng Barako is one of the most popular types of coffee in the Philippines, particularly in the province of Batangas.

What is Robusta coffee known for?

Robusta coffee is the most prevalent variety in the Philippines and is widely used to produce instant coffee. It has a sharper flavor and distinctive aroma compared to Arabica.

Where is Excelsa coffee grown in the Philippines?

Excelsa coffee can be found in Quezon, Bicol, and Sorsogon. It is appreciated for its unique flavor and enticing aroma.

What is Civet coffee?

Civet coffee, also known as “Kapeng Alamid” or “Kapeng Musang,” is a unique type of coffee sourced from the droppings of the Philippine Civet cat. It is characterized by a dark chocolate aroma.

What is the history of coffee in the Philippines?

The history of coffee in the Philippines dates back to the 1700s when the first coffee tree was introduced in Lipa by a Spanish Franciscan monk. Coffee plantations flourished under Spanish colonial rule, and the Philippines became the only source of coffee beans worldwide at one point.

Where is coffee primarily produced in the Philippines?

Coffee farms can be found throughout the country, with major coffee-producing regions concentrated in Mindanao, particularly in Davao Region, Central Mindanao, and the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.

What is the significance of coffee production in the Philippines?

The Philippines is a significant producer of coffee beans, with a total production of 68% Robusta, 23% Arabica, and smaller quantities of Excelsa and Liberica in 2019. The coffee market in the Philippines is both domestic and international, with exports to different countries.

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Emily Reynolds

I am an unapologetic coffee aficionado with an insatiable passion for all things java. Pour-overs, French presses, espresso machines—each holds its own thrill, a chance to unlock new levels of taste and aroma. So let the aroma of freshly brewed coffee guide us through the world of flavor and inspiration that is coffee.


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